Hamsen B Paramahamsa MSc geology
Updated: May 5, 2021
It is important to counter the attempts taken by Geo-engineering by some Harvard Scientists to cool the Earth. It is unfortunate that they use the word Geo-engineering, a valuable word, for such works when they are dangerously tampering with the important Stratosphere, claiming to cool the world. One should not allow them to use the word “Geo-engineering” when they do such tampering. But being powerless nothing could be done against it.
They are taking the brutal step of “Solar Dimming” to cool the earth in the stratosphere. They do not know how many important radiations they are cutting from reaching the earth’s surface. It is not only solar radiation. There are many other radiations that come from outside the universe. Much have been not discovered or when discovered the effects of which are not yet elaborated. Furthermore, it is not only humans on this earth, but there are many others. There is flora, fauna, fungus, algae and who knows what more that need radiations.
Coming to the technology of re-glaciating, it is not necessarily something new. The technology of freezing is being practised in Ice-Skating Arenas. In ambient temperatures above 20°C.
In the case of Glaciating, the same technology could be partially adapted in a cheaper way.
Heights 1500 m above sea-level have a potential to form frost. Perpetual existence of frost makes “Quasi Glaciers”. Further frosting (depositing) on the quasi-glaciers leads to hardened ice and glaciers.
Depending on the latitude, humidity, types of wind and convection coming up from lower plains, the frost forms or sublimates in the heights above 1500 m. Sri Lanka has a height, but is near the equator and has high humidity. Because of being near the equator the snow line/ Snow-sphere in SL is higher than on lands away from the equator. But there are occasions when Ice-frost forms in SL.
The temperature in the mountains above 2000 m in SL is often near zero and on many days less than +10°C. In this condition, the number of calories per gram of moisture that should be removed to form frost is about 90 calories. It is to imagine that 0° water to 0°ice like coming down from +90°C to 0°C. Much energy has to leave the freezing water.
The region of Pidhruthalagala has an advantage that it is often above the snow-sphere that the evaporated moisture from the lower region lose about 630 calories /gram of moisture on its journey upwards. The 630 calories per gram of moisture is the latent heat of vaporisation (Condensation) and coming down from hidden 100°C to 10°C.
There is a possibility, when cared cautiously, that the frost could be protected from zhr beating by the solar radiation that the frost remains arrested. Which in turn increases frosting.
In Glacial regions, there is competition between ice and rock surface. Ice surface reflects up to 70% of solar radiation. Whereas rock surface, depending on the colour allows solar radiation to permeate into it and heat the surface, often above 70°C. The solar heat on a rock surface could be felt walking barefooted on the sand on beaches, tarred roads, and concrete surfaces.
The competition between Ice and rock is self-catalysing. When Ice is more it increases further the frosting. When rock surfaces appear, it catalyses itself and increases the area of rock. Therefore, one has to hold down the area of rock surfaces by covering with white material. That will increase the frosting as soon as frost settles.
The heat (calories) on the dark non transparent surface is by far higher than on reflecting transparent surfaces. That more frost is formed on a transparent surface could be seen on motor cars in frosty days. One sees on marginal days the windscreens have frost when dark-painted cars have little or no frost on the body. However, when frost settles on the body of the car the frosting grows like on the windscreen. The same effect could be seen in Ice surfaces. When Ice is transparent, the energy is spread in the depth and is not enough to melt because energy is shared by too many molecules. But if one sprays a thin coating of dust on the ice cube, the size of the ice cube reduces rapidly through melting and instant evaporation. A kind of sublimation.
The Options of Glaciation of Pidhuruthalagala
1. Allow nature to do glaciation.
2. Facilitate nature to do glaciation by reflecting solar radiation with shiny white material.
3. Support by technically freezing like that done in Ice-skating Arenas.
4. Use unused natural energies, Wind and Solar panels, to drive the freezing.
5. Challenge “Laws of Physics” by sucking or driving down cold from a height which is permanently in the snow-sphere. Pidhuruthalagala has height above 2500m above mean sea level. A height few hundred metres above 2500m is permanently below 0°C. One needs to construct tube-pillars with aluminium pipes and suck down “the below zero” natural air from the snow-sphere.
This is just an introduction and the issue needs much more analysis and repairs. But one thing is sure: One needs cooling. Latent desertification in the lower regions is increasing and is out of control. The convection resulting due to Latent desertification, will drive the rain-giving clouds above the mountains to precipitate in faraway places.
If one waits too long, we may face, when not so drastic, the fates of the Aral Sea, Mount Kilimanjaro, Ningxia province in CP China and vast areas in Africa and India.